The Dog Care


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Essential Details about Samoyed

About Samoyed

These hunter dogs were initially bred to herd the reindeer and protect the herd from prey. The breed was valuable for the Siberian Samoyed people, as they used this dog as a protective shield for their herd of cattle. 

The strong-willed dog is otherwise friendly and affectionate towards the people they know. They shed a lot and have long, silky coats. They are devoted family dogs who are very active in nature and are intelligent to their core. Furthermore, they can be trained very well and are excellent to protect your house.

More About This Breed​



This intelligent and friendly breed was initially bred to be raised as hunter dogs. The Siberian Samoyed people used them to drag sleds and herd their reindeers. They were the heavy-duty working dogs who were highly indulged in the daily chores with their families. 

Not only that, but they always had a strong sense of loyalty towards their family, and in turn, these people trusted the breed blindly. By the end of the 19th century, these dogs became even more famous around the Antarctic and started to move around with famous explorers such as Sir Ernest Shackleton. They were one of the most muscular dogs that endured many hardships.

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  • They love being with their family and hate being left alone. Their high loyalty and alertness make them an ideal watchdog.
  • Being a hunter at heart, Samoyed loves to chase small animals which it perceives as prey. Because of this reason, a samoyed should always be leashed when it’s outside. 
  • While Samoyed is a friendly and good-tempered breed, this can be affected by a lack of training and socialization, turning them into aggressive. Hence, it is essential to give them proper training and socialize them from a young age.

Common Health Problems

The Samoyed is generally a very healthy breed of dog. It is significantly less likely for them even to fall sick. However, if you consider buying the breed, you must know the diseases they are prone to.

Some of their common health issues are

  • Hip dysplasia (a condition resulting in dwarfism)
  • Chondrodysplasia (dwarfism)
  • Polyneuropathy (neurological disorder)
  • Cataracts
  • thrombophilia
  • Osteochondritis
  • Luxating patella
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
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Since the dogs are very athletic, they must be kept active, and their diet should be of high quality. Their food should contain 12-15% fat, and they should be fed at least 2 cups of fiber and protein-rich food.

Coat Color and Grooming ​

When it comes to the coat of the Samoyed, they have long and beautiful silky coats ranging from shiny white to black color. They shed heavily at least twice a year and hence need to be groomed with care. 

Undoubtedly, these friendly athletes need intense grooming, but it is not as difficult as it seems. Just remember bruising their coat several times throughout the day so that the fur does not flow around the house. They have straight hairs on the coat, and their undercoats protect them from the effect of harsh weather.

They need to be bathed once every eight weeks and when they puddle in the mud or something with a stench.

Exercise Needs

Minimum one-hour training sessions are mandatory for them to remain calm. If this part is neglected, they may become destructive or aggressive. 

They need heavy exercise to shed their physical and mental energy. Indulging them in draining activities like running and swimming is essential to give them a long and healthy life. Since they love to chase small animals, you may take them to the park with you so that they would enjoy their active session.

Avoid training them in heat and do not take them out in the sun. This might irritate them.