The Dog Care

Saint Bernard

Essential Details about St. Bernard

About St. Bernard

The powerful and loving dogs, St Bernard, were initially bred to guard the grounds of Switzerland’s hospice. These double-coated furry beings are some of the most intelligent breeds who learn things fast. They love to be around children and would love it even more if they’re left alone just to relax all day. 

St Bernard is the best breed to step in your family with a large body and a heart filled with emotions for their families.

More About This Breed​



Saint Bernard is one of the most potent and giant-sized dogs that are popular in myths. Their legends are proof that the dogs have been bred through centuries. The breed is said to have originated from the Swiss Alps in the 11th century. The dogs were bred in a monastery, and then their next appearance was about 600 years later.

They were believed to be trained as watchdogs because of their life-saving ability. Furthermore, the breed was observed to have a soft spot for children and their families.

Saint Bernard 5


  • Saint Bernards are very loving dogs who are otherwise very placid. They tend to jump and sniff strangers out of excitement, due to which many people get scared to approach such large dogs.  
  • These large furry members are very protective of their families and have a strong sense of danger. 
  • The Bernards ate very friendly, and they have a high tolerating capacity. Having a St Bernard around your children is always a very pleasing sight. 
  • They are incredibly patient and understanding. Notably, Bernards are extremely careful with little children. 
  • They love to please their owners and can quickly bond with other breeds, especially on training grounds.

Common Health Problems

St. Bernard is generally a very healthy breed of dog. It is significantly less likely for them even to fall sick. However, if you consider buying the breed, you must know the diseases they are prone to. 

Some of their common health issues are

  • A few significant concerns regarding St. Bernard include CHD, gastric torsion, entropion, ectropion, elbow dysplasia, and osteosarcoma.
  • They also have a risk of developing OCD, diabetes, seizures, heart conditions, and cardiomyopathy. 
  • It is strongly suggested to get their hip, elbow, cardiac, eye tested from time to time.


Being a Bernard parent, you must ensure that your big furry pal should not be fed excessively by any means. They should be fed enough to maintain their health. Notably, if they gain excessive weight, it can strain their muscles. 

Because of the body temperature the dog maintains, they only require a moderate amount of exercise.  

Coat Color and Grooming ​

Their coats usually differ in colors ranging from the combination of red and white, brown and white to brindle and white. With the ears set high above the ears, some dogs have marks above the heads and wrinkles on the forehead. 

Because these dogs have thick fur coats, you may have to be ready for excessive shedding. The hair will be all over the house. 

As intimidating as it sounds, these dogs have moderate maintenance and need to be brushed several times a day to lose the shedding hair, timely bath, and nail clippings.

Exercise Needs

The exercising routine of St Bernard depends on the purpose they were bred for. While some breeds can function well just by a long evening stroll, some may need vigorous exercise. 

The breeds that need vigorous exercise are the ones that were bred for the job as a hunter dog or a security dog. Overall, these dogs need a minimum of 20 minutes of vigorous body movement.

They might put on weight if left to sleep and lay back as they love. They must be trained to become outdoorsy and should be trained accurately.